- NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration) builds a new Earth System Observatory to provide key information to related to climate change, disaster mitigation, forest fires, hurricanes and improving real-time agricultural process.
- The Earth System Observatory will study aerosols, water supply, clouds, climate, weather, Earth’s surface and the ecosystems.
- “With this Observatory, each satellite will be uniquely designed to complement the o
thers, working in tandem to create a 3D, holistic view of Earth, from bedrock to atmosphere”, the agency said.
The Observatory will focus mainly on
- The effect of climate change on sea level and landscape, hazard forecasts
- Disaster impact assessments, including the dynamics of earthquakes, volcanoes, groundwater, glaciers, icebergs and the Earth’s interior
- Forecasting of air quality
- Prediction of severe climate and weather changes
- Determining how aerosols affect the global climate change
- Providing assessments related to droughts and it’s forecasting
- Providing Planning for agricultural water use and support during natural hazard
- Determine how the effect of climate changes will create an impact on food and agricultural, natural resources and habitation
- NASA is currently initiating the formulation phase for the observatory. Among its first integrated parts is NASA’s partnership with the ISRO(Indian Space Research Organisation)
- Their partnership which brings together two different kinds of radar systems that can measure changes in Earth’s surface less than a half-inch.
- This capability will be utilized in one of the observatory’s first missions intended as a pathfinder, called NISAR
- NISAR(NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar)
- The creation of NISAR can measure some of the planet’s most complex processes such as earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides and ice-sheet collapse
- NISAR can assist planners and decision makers with managing both hazards and natural resources in the future.
- Indian Space Research Organisation
- Formed in the year 1959
- Headquarters-Bengaluru, Karnataka
- Current Chairman-Dr.Kailasavadivoo Sivan
- National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- Formed in the year 1958
- Headquarters-Washington DC, USA
- Administrator of NASA(2021)-Sen.Bill Nelson